4 Years After Bill Passed, Citizenship Law CAA Becomes Reality

4 Years After Invoice Handed, Citizenship Legislation CAA Turns into Actuality

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The federal government on Monday night issued a notification for implementation of the contentious Citizenship Amendment Act. The CAA – which makes faith, for the primary time, a take a look at of Indian citizenship – was cleared by Parliament in December 2019 amid violent protests, through which greater than 100 individuals died, and fierce resistance from opposition politicians and opposition-ruled states.

Now that the notification is issued, the federal government can grant citizenship to non-Muslim migrants – from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan – who got here to India earlier than December 31, 2014.  

A spokesperson for the Union Residence Ministry stated eligible people may submit citizenship purposes in “a totally on-line mode, for which an internet portal has been supplied”. No different documentation will likely be sought from the candidates, one official stated.

Implementation of the Citizenship Act – a serious marketing campaign platform for the ruling BJP within the 2019 normal election and numerous state polls – comes simply weeks earlier than the 2024 Lok Sabha ballot, through which Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s occasion will bid for a 3rd consecutive time period.

And it comes lower than a month after Residence Minister Amit Shah confused the CAA will “undoubtedly be notified”. “CAA is an act of the nation… it’s going to undoubtedly be notified. CAA will come into impact earlier than the election (and) no person must be confused about this.”

Mr Shah additionally sought to minimize fears the CAA, and the equally contentious NRC, or Nationwide Register of Residents, will likely be mixed to focus on spiritual minorities.

Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who has lengthy been one of many CAA’s fiercest and most vocal critics, has hit out nearly instantly, telling reporters at a hastily-convened presser that her authorities will oppose “something that discriminates (towards) individuals”. 

The Trinamool boss additionally identified the CAA, the NRC, and the NPR, or Nationwide Inhabitants Register, had been delicate subjects in Bengal and the northeast – in components of which the CAA has been exempted by the centre – and that she doesn’t need unrest earlier than the election.

Earlier she accused the BJP of raking up the CAA subject presently for votes. “With elections approaching, BJP has once more raked up CAA subject to reap political advantages. However let me make it clear, so long as I’m alive, I can’t permit it in Bengal,” she stated.

Within the northeast – which noticed violent clashes between anti-CAA protesters and the police, the Assam College students Union, which led protests within the state 4 years in the past, has sounded the decision for one more agitation.

In the meantime, Ms Banerjee is not the one opposition politician to battle towards the CAA.

Ms Banerjee’s Tamil Nadu counterpart, MK Stalin, was equally emphatic. Accusing the BJP authorities of going “towards communal concord”, the DMK boss too vowed he wouldn’t implement the legislation. 

Different states – like Kerala and Punjab – and others then dominated by the Congress (and now by the BJP) – resembling Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh – additionally opposed the CAA and handed resolutions. In actual fact, the Bengal and Kerala governments additionally stopped all NPR, or Nationwide Inhabitants Register, and NRC work.

In Telangana, the then-ruling Bharat Rashtra Samithi of ex-Chief Minister Okay Chandrashekar Rao additionally handed resolutions towards all three and urged the federal government to “take away all references to any faith, or to any overseas nation” in view of fears expressed by lakhs throughout the nation.

The Madhya Pradesh authorities – then additionally dominated by the Congress – additionally handed a decision, and, considerably, a number of BJP leaders and lawmakers from the state additionally criticised the legislation.

The federal government has stated the Citizenship Modification Act will assist minorities from Muslim-dominated international locations get citizenship in the event that they fled as a consequence of spiritual persecution. Nonetheless, critics say it’s designed to discriminate towards Muslims and violates secular ideas of the Structure.

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